Designing and planning street spaces in the future, as part of a complex urban structure, is highly relevant referring to the adaptions to developments such as climate change, urbanization, digitalization, lack of resources and the increasing energy demand. Future cities are conservative with resources, energy-efficient and offer high quality of life. Due to that, public street spaces need to be constructed sustainably.
In an overall system configuration, a street´s area as public space offers many potentials, e.g. the collection and storage of surface water after a heavy rainfall, the generation of energy, the application as an innovation area for testing new solutions in mobility and logistics or for installing sensors to optimize traffic flow and to measure environmental data. In this context, the street should be observed as a district´s multidimensional space. Challenging is the integration of various components such as sustainable mobility, quality of life, water-sensitive city development and the distribution of those to users and functions.
Purpose of the project »Straße der Zukunft« is to support communes in their foresighted and efficient process of planning and implementing resource-efficient model streets. For that, future demands that illustrate possible applications and requirements from different perspectives (mobility, ecology, economy, social subjects, technology, infrastructure, governance) will be collected. Both of the partner cities, Ludwigsburg and Erlangen function as a practical example. The findings of the model streets shall be transferred to a master plan of sustainable cities. To ensure the transferability and usability for different communes, a replication model will be constructed. The replication model gives concrete recommendations and tools in order to face the specific needs of cities and to achieve political efforts at persuasion and practical supervision and transformation.
Development of transferable procedures for different German cities and (type of) streets, through a communication and interchange between the project community
Enabling a knowledge transfer of future streets between German cities, equally communicating the research findings to target groups
Information and communication in city society to integrate the population with the development of new processes and solutions
Transformation of a transdisciplinary research project in science, economy and city council that provides additional benefit to all and has an high application of knowledge
In Erlangen the Siemens AG is constructing a modern and sustainably designed office location in the southern part of the city, which acts as the pilot area for the project. Besides its function as an office space, the campus also serves as a new residential and living environment for the citizens of Erlangen.
The concentration/relocation of existing Siemens divisions will lead to new mobility patterns, which will have impacts on the whole city.
The move of about 1.000 employees to the module 1 of the Siemens campus offers the unique opportunity to take influence on the mobility of the new campus users.
During the duration of the project (April 2019-März 2022) the module 1 is going to be implemented.
The module 1 includes:
8 office buildings (approx. 5.500 jobs)
3 parking garages (approx. 2.600 parking spaces)
Ground floor used extensively by the public with appealing food outlets and service facilities
The traffic infrastructure includes:
»Green-avenue« which leads through the whole campus (west to east)
Driveways to the parking garages
Passageways between the buildings
As a main access route in the east of the module 1 functions the public main road Günther-Scharowsky-Street
The main focus in the project is to adapt the mobility offers according to specific target groups and to gain experience with new forms of mobility and technical innovations (smart mobility).
Therefore the following research questions should be answered:
Which traffic behavior and which mobility needs will the new campus users have?
How can the environmental modes of transport (bus, train, bicycle, walk) and new forms of mobility be promoted?
In which way can public transport services and proprietary and private mobility offers be combined?
Gather dates about the mobility behaviour and the mobility requiremnts of the campus users
Connecting of different forms of mobility → mobility hubs
Individual mobility consultation service and information (digital and face to face)
Dr. Christian Korda
City of Erlangen
Department of planning and constructionOfifice of urban development and planning
Department traffic planning
Fuchshofstraße, © Google Satellite
Alleenstraße, © Google Satellite
Ludwigsburg focuses on a water sensitive street space design and on infrastructure system of water management. Both of the streets, Alleenstraße and Fuchhofstraße, examine the direct resource efficiency that is shown by greening, irrigation, dewatering, rainwater infiltration, collection, preparation and utilization.
Within the Alleenstraße, the project takes the Dutch bike street as an example. In addition to that, the construction will be completed by measures referring to dewatering through installation of cisterns that collect and uses surface water. Project goals for Alleenstraße are the collection of rainwater, findings about water quality and therefore the utilization possibilities, use for irrigation by technical services as well as drain rinsing by the city´s drainage and findings about soil protection (trees of alley).
Fuchshofstraße ties in with housing estate, school area and surrounding streets. Project goals refer to the ideal dewatering of streets and residential areas and to the utilization of surface water.
For more than 35 years, the Fraunhofer IAO offers services regarding to company organization and employment system as well as technology management and communication technology. As part of the design of mobility and city systems, the Smart Urban Environments Team develops stable and creative solutions for the future urban space. With urban testing areas, studies and specific technology management, relevant influencing factors and possible potentials can be systematically researched and different ways of adaption are provided for future urban areas.
The Fraunhofer IAO coordinates the whole project as well as separate work packages and functions as the central contact point for all project partners. On the basic of the scientific expertise, Fraunhofer IAO plays a leading role in the scenario development and regularly conducts creative workshops that bring together the expertise of all project partners.
The Fraunhofer Institute for Interfacial Engineering and Biotechnology IGB develops and optimizes processes, products, and technologies in the business areas of health, chemistry and process industry, as well as environment and energy. We combine the highest scientific standards with professional know-how in our competence areas – always with a view to economic efficiency and sustainability. Our strengths are offering complete solutions from the laboratory to the pilot scale. Customers also benefit from the cooperation between our branches in Stuttgart, Leuna and Straubing.
With its water management expertise, Fraunhofer IGB will contribute to the scenario development as well as in the conceptual design of the model roads. However, the focus lies on the monitoring and evaluation of these model roads. Here, the method of stakeholder interaction analysis will be further developed for municipal infrastructure planning and applied in the context of the pilot model road in Ludwigsburg.
Dipl.-Ing. Christiane Chaumette
Dr.-Ing. Marius Mohr
Drees & Sommer is your innovative partner for consulting, planning, construction and operation. The leading European consulting, planning and project management enterprise, Drees & Sommer has supported private and public clients and investors for almost 50 years in all aspects of real estate and infrastructure – both analog and digital. The result is cost-effective and sustainable buildings, profitable real estate portfolios, people-oriented working environments, and visionary mobility concepts. All the services provided by the partner-run company take into consideration both economic and ecological concerns. Drees & Sommer calls this holistic approach »the blue way«.
Practical as well as research-related expertise on mobility and infrastructure.
Management AP3 (conception and implementation of model roads) in cooperation with muni¬cipalities and the sparring partner Erlangen.
Responsibility AP1.2 (conception target process).
Support in scenario development and development replication model among other things.
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