© Photo Vadim Ponomarenko
Urban data platform
Transparency and participation through the use of city-specific data.
During Phase I of the Morgenstadt Initiative (2012-2013), the objective was to achieve a better understanding of urban systems through analysis of six pioneering cities (Tokyo, Copenhagen, New York, Singapore, Freiburg, Berlin). These cities were analysed, allowing for the development of the Morgenstadt Framework, a model to assess the “performance” of a city in a range of important areas (such as climate protection, utilization of ICTs, sustainable mobility, governance, etc.). In Phase II, this model was applied in various other cities, such as Chemnitz, Lisbon and Prague, after which the model was reviewed, refined and additional Morgenstadt tools were developed. Based on the experiences of Phase I and Phase II, the Fraunhofer Institutes developed thematic fields of innovation, or key areas of intervention, to address urban problems with an integrated approach between research, public actors, companies and civil society.
The innovation clusters can be divided into two categories:
On the one hand, there are thematic fields of innovation, which are presented in the following graphic. These are organised across different urban sectors of Phase I (mobility, energy, water, ICT, buildings, governance, logistics), which are illustrated below.
On the other hand, there are cross cutting fields of innovation. These are smart city financing; urban governance & planning; and digital business & service innovation.
The Fraunhofer-Initiative »Morgenstadt: City Insights« offers cities, municipalities and companies the opportunity to actively contribute to the creation of a CO2-neutral, resilient and liveable city of the future. The underlying idea is that innovative and sustainable technologies must be harnessed more effectively in cities. The areas of innovation are packaged as "system solutions", providing holistic and modular proposals for cities and enterprises as concrete solutions to pressing urban issues to be tested in pilot cities, scaled up, adapted and replicated elsewhere.
The Internet of Things (IoT) and the increasing digitalization make it possible to develop and implement urban system solutions in a semi-standardized way. The core of the approach is a modular principle: Cities select urban system solutions to directly address their specific challenges based on coordinated and individually scalable components. The research network recommends different investment and operating models for each solution. Pilot projects are generally initially supported through research funding, with successful system solutions becoming self-sustaining interventions for the city of the future.
Through the division into the eight research clusters, companies will see at a glance which solutions could benefit from their contribution, offering an opportunity to participate in the development of new integrated system soultions in a pilot area.
You are the head of the group "Neighborhoods and Cities" at the Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems ISE, and you coordinate the "Smart Energy Cities" section. How will the urban energy system of the future be characterized?
"Urban energy systems will be climate-neutral and intelligent, and characterized by high efficiency and a high proportion of renewable energy generated locally. In cities, solar energy will be utilized on all buildings. In the surrounding regions, biomass and wind energy as well as geothermal energy and hydroelectric power are generated for the cities. A highly efficient and secure energy supply is ensured by the coupling of the electricity and heating system, i.e. through combined heat and power and heat pumps, as well as the integration of electricity and heat storage in conjunction with intelligent grids (smart grids) and load management. Mobility is largely carried out by electric vehicles, which are changed through an intelligent energy management system during times of energy surplus and provide part of their storage capacity to the network."
You are working in the team developing new mobility concepts at the Fraunhofer IAO. What is the future of mobility?
"The mobility of the future will be characterized by ongoing reductions in CO2 emissions, as well as increased digitization and automation. Even before this, an intensified functional mix and the strengthening of local mobility will make the objectives achievable through less "complex" traffic. Thanks to digitalization, transport is used more efficiently (through sharing). In passenger transport, mobility is increasingly becoming a service that no longer requires the possession of one's own car. Future mobility will be networked, flexible and diverse."